EMTA members team up in the European project CAPRICE

CAPRICE aims at exchanging experience between public transport authorities
(PTAs), local and/or regional authorities, and transport operators.


identify and promote good practices, help transfer of knowledge and implement a
pilot demonstration where the setting up of a new public transport authority or
similar institution integrating public transport services is planned.

CAPRICE « CAPital Regions Integrating Collective
transport for increased energy Efficiency » is a
European project within the framework of the
2007-2013 INTERREG IV C Programme of
European territorial co-operation. It was launched
on 18 February 2009 in Berlin’s Town Hall when
the five partners ZTM Warsaw (Poland), SP Vilnius
(Lithuania), City of Bucharest (Romania), STIF Paris-
Ile de France (France) and VBB Berlin-Brandenburg (Germany) decided over the
objectives and different steps of the project. The total cost of the project amounts
to 1,110,367.95 € with an expected funding awarded by the European Regional
Development Fund of 885,467.95 €.

Partners regularly meet in workshops, each of them hosting in turn. Three workshops
already happened in 2009: on institutional issues, on contractual framework
and on energy-efficient vehicles. Four workshops are planned for 2010, they
should deal with the following topics: travel information, efficient procurement,
fares and subsidies, and ticketing services.


With the exception of Bucharest, all CAPRICE partners are EMTA members. All
along the 2009 meetings and workshops, they reinforced mutual links and came
to share common vision on responsibilities and ways to handle the urban transport
authority’s missions. Here is a short report on the work of the partners.

About organisation and financing of public transport Vilnius 3-5 June 2009
The workshop was the opportunity to exchange on the institutional framework for
organisation, management, infrastructure development and financing of public
transport services. Partners reached common thoughts on some main points.

  • Partners think it is suitable that local and regional authorities endorse political
    and administrative responsibilities for integrated public transport services. Clear statements and explicit responsibilities
    at all levels, political,
    administrative, operational, as well
    as efficient decision-making processes,
    are crucial elements for an effective
    organisational framework.
  • All modes (regional rail, underground,
    tram, buses and ferries) of public transport
    in a given region should be managed
    by one integrated authority that should
    define the framework in which one or
    more operators must operate the services.
    Key tasks like overall operational
    plan-ning, tariff setting, quality standard
    monitoring, sales and marketing,
    customer information, infrastructure
    planning have to be integrated. The
    authority should also control the
    operators’ performance with regard to
    the services required and the economical
    efficiency and monitor passenger
  • Partners stress that sufficient and
    reliable compensation are needed.
    Public transport costs usually cannot be
    covered only by fare revenues.
    Therefore a stable and reliable public
    funding is desirable, and social fares
    where they exist, must be compensated
    to operators.
    Such specific mechanism like the
    “transport tax” (specific tax on employers)
    in France, is seen as an efficient and
    significant contribution to the coverage
    of the public transport costs.
  • Partners also acknowledge the help
    Regulation 1370/2007 [1], that came into
    force December 2009, provides as a
    harmonised legal framework.

About tendering and contracting in
passenger transport services, Warsaw
14-16 September 2009

Regulation 1370/2007 was precisely the
topic of this workshop. The following
observations have been shared.

  • Competitive tendering and contracting
    have turned out to be an efficient
    instrument for raising the quality of
    public transport services and the related
    passenger satisfaction while reducing
    the amount of public subsidies needed.
  • A strong and dedicated entity body
    that prepares the tenders, defines the
    level of service the passenger aims at,
    carries out the tendering procedure and
    controls the contracts, is desirable. This
    is especially the case in capital-regions
    where there is a long tradition of strong
    public operators (historical operators).
  • Cities also have the possibility to directly
    award contracts to their own public
    operator. Even in the case of short term
    contracts directly awarded, it is suitable
    that clear and explicit definition of the
    authorities’ tasks and the operators’
    ones are layed out and that complex
    quality control systems (bonus/malus
    mechanism for example) is provided, in
    order to put the pressure on the operators
    to deliver a high quality service.


About sustainable mobility, energy
efficiency and implementation of clean
fleets Bucharest 16-18 November 2009.

A series of preliminary questions was raised
about the use of low pollution vehicles.
Then each partner was invited to share
experience about the different aspects of a
“green” public transport system, such as:

  • Green strategies for energy efficient
    public transport: assessment of gas
    emissions, ecological aspects in decision
    making process, possible overall
    concepts and specific regulation for
    green transport, energy efficient
    driving, ecology and marketing
    issues, support to the modal shift from
    car to public transport.
  • Green technologies for public transport
    fleets (bus, trolley bus, metro, regional
    railway and suburban trains) and future investment: experience in testing clean
    vehicles, strategies for alternative energies,
    fuels and power supply systems.

The workshop enabled partners to get an
overview of what occurs in other countries in
terms of innovative public transport solutions
to fight against pollution and develop
sustainable mobility».


Thanks to CAPRICE, issues even familiar to EMTA
members, are analysed more in-depth, from a
technical and practical point of view. Most of all
CAPRICE enables a transfer of know-how between
the project partners so that identified good practices
may be implemented more easely. Extensive exchange
across Europe, thanks to European Regional
Development funding through the INTERREG IVC
programme the partners think, should be encouraged.

More information at:

  • Updated : January 29, 2010

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