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- Financing / Pricing data
Financing / Pricing data
Presentation of the fare and ticketing system :
In Hungary generally there are different fare systems in the local and the interurban transport (including suburban transport).
Common thing is, that passengers use mostly single tickets or monthly passes in both transports. In the local transport there is a flat fee system. In the other hand, in the suburban transport the fares are km based (till 50 km price increase in 5 km steps, than in 10 km steps). Recently the fares of the heavy train and the suburban buses are at the same level.
Social tarif exists in local transport for students and retired people in case of passes, in interurban transport for wide variety of travel groups in case of single tickets and passes.
The first step of the way to the tariff integration was the introduction of the Budapest Combined Pass (BEB) in September 2005. The BEB is valid for all the public transport services within the administrate borders of Budapest and costs only 10% more than the normal local passes.
[^Table of local fares (simplified) 2006^]
|Single trip||Multiple trips||Monthly pass||BEB (monthly)|
|Normal fare||HUF 185||HUF 320||HUF 6.900||HUF 7.590|
|Reduced fare (students, seniors)||-||-||HUF 2.600||HUF 2.860|
Funding of public transport in 2006 (to adapt e.g no specification by mode if not available)
Principles of public transport funding :
As a general rule, responsibility of public transport is divided by territorial grounds, the municipalities are responsible for the local transport and the state for the regional and long distance transport. The schemes of funding are divided accordingly. Mainly the local municipalities are responsible for financing local transport, but the state also allocates some founds to their budget in a normative way. Regional transport is financed by the state.
The revenue loss of service providers in BKSZ caused by the introduction of the new monthly and yearly passes is compensated by the competent authorities through the transport authority. The share of covering the revenue losses by the competent authorities is 2/3 Ministry of Economy and Transport, 1/3 Municipality of Budapest. In 2006 the amount of the compensation was 1.271 million HUF (5 million €).
The expenses of establishing and operating of BKSZ Kht. are financed by the Ministry and the Municipality equal to their holding in the company, namely 50-50%.